International Journal of Oral Health Sciences

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-

Good clinical practice and clinical research


Sujatha G P 
 Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujatha G P
Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka
India




How to cite this article:
SujathaG. Good clinical practice and clinical research.Int J Oral Health Sci 2018;8:5-5


How to cite this URL:
SujathaG. Good clinical practice and clinical research. Int J Oral Health Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Sep 20 ];8:5-5
Available from: http://www.ijohsjournal.org/text.asp?2018/8/1/5/232165


Full Text



A good clinical practice needs not only a sound education and skill but also the knowledge of best evidence for the treatment priorities. The best evidences are from the researches that are carried out and are published either in the form of randomized control trials or in the form of systematic reviews. Activities in the field of evidence-based dentistry have increased tremendously in the 21st century.[1] In traditional dental care, there is more emphasis on dentist's experience and the opinion of experts. Evidence-based practice (EBP), in contrast, places a premium on using current evidence to solve clinical questions. It presupposes the dentist to be conversant with the current literature and competent to evaluate it. Hence, the dentists must refer and critically appraise the scientific literature, particularly clinical research.[2]

The concept of research is critical for the growth of the profession through the incorporation of new knowledge. The principles of research educate practitioners to be discriminating in their treatments based on the scientific method, the cornerstone of an academic education.[3]

The National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, in the year 2005, funded the concept of a dental practice-based research network (PBRN).[4] A PBRN is defined as a group of separate practices that collaborate with each other and often with outside experts to conduct multiple research projects over an extended period of time while continuing to deliver care to patients.[5] The dental PBRN is an extension of the medical PBRNs, first established at Dartmouth College and now comprising over 110 active networks mainly funded on a per-study basis through the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.[6]

The application of EBP requires a competent understanding of the best available research. There is increasing acknowledgment that some of this evidence also needs to be generated at the practice level. Currently, research activity in general dental practices is not well established in our country and this seems to be the need an hour. In this direction, the American Physical Therapy Association is developing national registry for clinical outcomes, providing a much-needed database to improve clinical research and evidence-based care.

References

1Kishore M, Panat SR, Aggarwal A, Agarwal N, Upadhyay N, Alok A, et al. Evidence based dental care: Integrating clinical expertise with systematic research. J Clin Diagn Res 2014;8:259-62.
2Coulter ID. Evidence-based dentistry and health services research: Is one possible without the other? J Dent Educ 2001;65:714-24.
3Curro FA, Grill AC, Thompson VP, Craig RG, Vena D, Keenan AV, et al. Advantages of the dental practice-based research network initiative and its role in dental education. J Dent Educ 2011;75:1053-60.
4Pihlstrom BL, Tabak L. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research: Research for the practicing dentist. J Am Dent Assoc 2005;136:728-37.
5Mold JW, Pasternak A, McCaulay A, Manca D, Rubin G, Westfall J, et al. Definitions of common terms relevant to primary care research. Ann Fam Med 2008;6:570-1.
6Sujatha GP. Good clinical practice and clinical research. Ann Fam Med 2005;3 Suppl 1:S2-4.