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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-12

A Review on silver nanoparticles-The powerful nanoweapon against oral pathogens

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maaruti College of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suma Bindu Adapa
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maaruti College of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijohs.ijohs_38_19

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In the human oral cavity, complex microbe-host relationships occurs. Dental disease is prevalent in about 89% of the Indian population, of which 72% are residing in the rural areas whose economic values are low to afford the treatment. Indian greeneries are the chief and economical source of medicinal plants and plant products. In recent years, green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has gained much interest from researchers. As a wide range of metabolites are present in the plant products/extracts, nanoparticles produced by plants are more stable, and the rate of synthesis is faster in comparison to microorganisms. Silver in the form of various compounds have been used in Ayurveda to treat several bacterial infections since time immemorial. The present review explores the huge plant diversity to be utilized for the synthesis of AgNPs and describes the antimicrobial activities of AgNPs against the oral and nonoral microflora.

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